Che cosa spinge a studiare scienze? Buoni insegnanti, laboratori e fiction

65

Perché le discipline scientifiche sono spesso considerate difficili e noiose? Come mai sono relativamente poche le ragazze che frequentano corsi a indirizzo scientifico, soprattutto in alcuni settori?

Questi interrogativi sono emersi con forza negli ultimi tempi, a fronte di una preoccupazione espressa in numerosi Paesi per la diminuzione delle iscrizioni alle facoltà scientifiche, in particolare a Fisica, Chimica e Matematica. Preoccupazione che ha portato, anche in Italia, a numerose iniziative in questo settore, che in alcuni casi sembrano aver contribuito ad invertire, almeno in parte, il trend negativo dei primi anni Duemila.

In questo contesto, varie indagini internazionali hanno messo in luce come gli studi scientifici siano spesso percepiti dai giovani come ‘difficili’ e ‘astratti’ o di non evidente applicazione in ambito pratico e lavorativo. Esiste anche un forte squilibrio di genere: nonostante la sempre più rilevante presenza delle studentesse, esse rimangono sottorappresentate in numerosi settori scientifici.

Un ampio studio condotto da Observa Science in Society su un campione rappresentativo di 2667 studenti italiani iscritti al primo anno nelle facoltà scientifiche approfondisce questi temi e delinea alcune potenziali risposte.

La principale motivazione che li spinge all’iscrizione è l’interesse per la materia, spesso definito come vera e propria passione, soprattutto dalle studentesse (59%, rispetto al 48% dei maschi).

Per i ragazzi la seconda motivazione più rilevante sono le prospettive di successo personale e professionale, mentre le ragazze attribuiscono maggiore importanza alla possibilità di poter mettere in pratica i risultati dei propri studi e valorizzarne l’utilità, anche nella società.

Ma quanto pesano su queste motivazioni le esperienze scolastiche, le relazioni personali, e – più in generale – l’immaginario di scienza cui fanno riferimento gli studenti?

Il ruolo degli insegnanti e l’esperienza maturata a scuola rivestono un ruolo fondamentale. Prima ancora che i genitori, gli insegnanti sono indicati da quasi un giovane su due come punto di riferimento che ha guidato la scelta di studiare scienze all’università. D’altra parte, già una precedente indagine di Observa nelle scuole superiori aveva messo in luce che il fatto di poter utilizzare un laboratorio scientifico faceva triplicare la propensione a intraprendere studi scientifici universitari.

Rilevante anche il ruolo dell’immaginario scientifico delineato nei mezzi di comunicazione: libri e riviste di divulgazione scientifica sono spesso citate come un elemento importante nelle proprie scelte. Quasi tre ragazze su dieci citano anche film e serie televisive che incorporano elementi o figure scientifiche come CSI e Numbers; non trascurabili anche gli stimoli che vengono da visite a musei scientifici. Gli studenti maschi, d’altra parte, sono più attenti alle trasmissioni televisive di divulgazione scientifica, a manifestazioni pubbliche come incontri o festival della scienza e perfino a videogiochi su temi legati a scienza e tecnologia.

In definitiva, la scelta di una facoltà scientifica è una questione complessa, che matura nel tempo e affonda le radici motivazionali nelle esperienze scolastiche precedenti. Un ambiente scolastico appassionante, dotato di strutture adeguate e docenti motivati, appare il luogo migliore per stimolare a intraprendere studi scientifici. Ma anche l’immaginario dei media – talvolta bistrattato – appare in grado, a certe condizioni, di offrire importanti stimoli agli studenti, presentando in modo accattivante discipline tradizionalmente percepite come ostiche ed elitarie.

Giuseppe Pellegrini, tra i curatori dell’Annuario Scienza e Società 2011, è docente di Metodologia e Tecnica della Ricerca Sociale presso l’Università di Padova. È membro del comitato scientifico di Observa Science in Society e coordina la sezione “Scienza e Cittadini”.

rassegna stampa

Discussion65 commenti

  1. The other day, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a thirty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  2. The very crux of your writing whilst appearing reasonable initially, did not really sit well with me after some time. Somewhere throughout the paragraphs you were able to make me a believer unfortunately only for a while. I still have a problem with your leaps in assumptions and one might do nicely to fill in all those gaps. In the event you actually can accomplish that, I would definitely end up being impressed.

  3. Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a totally different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Great choice of colors!

  4. This website online is mostly a walk-by for all of the data you wished about this and didn’t know who to ask. Glimpse here, and you’ll positively discover it.

  5. An impressive share, I just now with all this onto a colleague who was conducting a small analysis within this. And hubby in truth bought me breakfast simply because I uncovered it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx with the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending plenty of time to debate this, I’m strongly regarding this and really like reading on this topic. If possible, as you become expertise, do you mind updating your site with a lot more details? It is highly of great help for me. Big thumb up just for this text!

  6. Hello there, You’ve done a great job. I will certainly digg it
    and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they’ll be benefited from
    this site.

  7. I know which Sage will not be upsetting demise with the appearance, and thus concerns about his or her country’s will fall.

  8. First off I would like to say superb blog! I haad a quick question that I’d like to ask if you don’t mind.
    I was curious to find outt how you center yourself and clear your mind beefore writing.

    I have had a difficult time clearing mmy mind in getting my thoughts
    out there. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes aree usually wasted just trying tto figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or tips?
    Thanks!

  9. Find cheap store for [url=http://www.curry-5.com]curry 5[/url]
    [url=http://www.stephencurry-shoes.us]stephen curry shoes[/url]
    [url=http://www.kyrieirvingshoes.us.com]kyrie irving shoes[/url]
    [url=http://www.adidasnmdshoes.us.com]adidas nmd shoes[/url]

  10. What’s up, this weekend is pleasant in favor of me, as
    this moment i am reading this fantastic informative post here at
    my house.

  11. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your blog.
    You have some really great posts and I believe I would be
    a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.

    Please send me an e-mail if interested. Kudos!

  12. I travel all around the world for work, and it used to be really lonely. Now I can go onto Tinder and have a date lined up in a new city before I even get out of the airport!

  13. Hey there I am so grateful I found your blog, I really found you
    by error, while I was browsing on Google for something else, Nonetheless
    I am here now and would just like to say thanks for a tremendous post and a all round exciting
    blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the moment but I have book-marked it and also added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time
    I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the excellent work.

  14. I amI’m really lovingenjoying the theme/design of your siteweblogweb sitewebsiteblog. Do you ever run into any web browserinternet browserbrowser compatibility problemsissues? A number ofhandful ofcouple ofsmall number offew of my blog audiencevisitorsreaders have complained about my blogwebsitesite not operatingworking correctly in Explorer but looks great in SafariChromeOperaFirefox. Do you have any solutionsideasadvicetipssuggestionsrecommendations to help fix this issueproblem?

  15. Quest bars cheap fitnesstipsnew1 quest bars cheap 516999410492780544
    quest bars cheap
    Hi there! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us
    so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and
    will be tweeting this to my followers! Great blog and outstanding style and design. Quest bars cheap fitnesstipsnew1 quest bars cheap
    516999410492780544 quest bars cheap

  16. of courseobviouslynaturallycertainly like your web-sitewebsiteweb site howeverbut you need tohave to testchecktake a look at the spelling on quite a fewseveral of your posts. A numberSeveralMany of them are rife with spelling problemsissues and I in findingfindto find it very bothersometroublesome to tellto inform the truththe reality on the other handhoweverthen againnevertheless I willI’ll certainlysurelydefinitely come backagain again.

  17. From brought the first [url=http://www.curryshoes.us.com]curry shoes[/url] basketball, a garage at this match: each other spelled out a perfect diamond entry, teammate Steve Blake flew to follow up, left the clippers shield darren collison (microblogging) the length between two steps behind their closely, Danny granger could be the only defender in tow. This is the car port superior court intuition and and the embodies: his shot assortment. He seems to realize the defensive player with the ideas, can predict their next move, then strike before hand. “When other people are usually doing gesture, garage inside judgment, and the online game, this is Stephen is the foremost place, in this respect the particular league may be an awesome experience. Find field space, know the place that the defense space will take place, it is the key on the art of his images. Because no matter exactly how good your shots, more exquisite technology, no space is useless. “ESPN’s Jesse thorpe, once wrote with his article.

    Garage meticulously [url=http://www.stephencurryshoes.us]stephen curry shoes[/url] observing the defense, he also have reason to be thus cautious. Before this, the warriors have overlooked 12 goals in 13 shots in the past, is now 33 in order to 37 behind the clippers, disturbed through the right leg muscle tension of garage after just one of 4. For car port himself, this ball is important: before a season, he hit an archive in NBA history using 272 grains of several points, if again set up three points today, his three points shock as to hit number will meet or exceed 200 mark. So that library will end up the sixth in a row has at least two season hit two hundred grains of three participants, at the same time period, still can have 3 points to continuous hit game streak always 54 games – will probably be the warriors team record record.

    “I like everything [url=http://www.kdshoes.us.com]kd shoes[/url] relevant to the shooting, ” garage once said in an interview, “but with the best especially in perfect hand posture. When your person is in good rhythm, from standing in the feet in the grass, his hands to complete a trial, all series of joint actions will be calm and smooth, just like waves. It’s a fantastic feeling. “.

    Tag: [url=http://www.kyrieirvingshoes.us.com]kyrie irving shoes[/url] [url=http://www.airjordan-31.com]air jordan 31[/url] [url=http://www.airjordan32.us]air jordan 32[/url] [url=http://www.nikezoomvaporfly.us.com]nike zoom vaporfly[/url] [url=http://www.newbalancerunningshoes.us.com]new balance running shoes[/url] [url=http://www.hand-spinner.us]hand spinner[/url] [url=http://www.nikefree.us.com]nike free[/url] [url=http://www.nikeepicreact.us.com]nike epic react flyknit[/url] [url=http://www.kd-11.us]kd 11[/url] [url=http://www.adidaspureboost.us.com]adidas pure boost[/url] [url=http://www.nikeairmax270.us.com]nike air max 270[/url] [url=http://www.hardenvol2.org]james harden vol 2[/url] [url=http://www.nikehyperdunk.us.com]nike hyperdunk[/url] [url=http://www.lebronsoldier11.us.com]Lebron soldier 11[/url] [url=http://www.nikeairpresto.us.com]nike air presto[/url] [url=http://www.nikerosherun.us.com]nike roshe run two[/url] [url=http://www.adidasnmdr1primeknit.com]adidas nmd r1 primeknit[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie4confetti.us]kyrie 4 confetti[/url] [url=http://www.kdshoesstore.com]kd shoes store[/url] [url=http://www.ultraboostshoes.us.com]adidas ultra boost[/url] [url=http://www.hyperdunk-2017.com]hyperdunk 2017[/url] [url=http://www.lebron-james-shoes.us.com]lebron james shoes[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie2shoes.com]kyrie 2 shoes[/url] [url=http://www.canadagooseus.com]canada goose[/url] [url=http://www.nikepegasus35.com]Nike Pegasus 35[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie4halloween.us]kyrie 4 halloween[/url] [url=http://www.yeezytriplewhite.com]yeezy boost triple white[/url] [url=http://www.adidastennishu.com]adidas tennis hu pharrell[/url] [url=http://www.nikezoomvaporflyelite.us]nike zoom vaporfly elite[/url] [url=http://www.nikecr7.com]Cristiano Ronaldo CR7[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie–4.com]kyrie 4[/url] [url=http://www.adidasboost.us.com]adidas boost[/url] [url=http://www.nikesoccercleats.us.com]Nike Football Cleats[/url] [url=http://www.lebronshoes.us.com]lebron shoes[/url] [url=http://www.yeezyshoes.us.com]yeezy shoes[/url] [url=http://www.kobebryantshoes.us.com]nike kobe shoes[/url] [url=http://www.pumafenty.us]puma fenty[/url] [url=http://www.balenciagatriplesshoes.com]balenciaga triple s Shoes[/url] [url=http://www.puma-fenty.us]puma fenty<[/url] [url=http://www.pumafenty.us.com]puma fenty[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie4.us.com]kyrie 4[/url] [url=http://www.porschedesignshoesonline.com]adidas porsche design[/url] [url=http://www.airforce-1.us]air force 1[/url] [url=http://www.curry4footlocker.com]curry 4[/url] [url=http://www.lebronsoldier10.us]lebron soldier 10[/url] [url=http://www.nike-mercurial.us]nike mercurial[/url] [url=http://www.drose8.com]rose 8[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie4.com]kyrie 4[/url] [url=http://www.lebron15ashes.com]lebron 15 ashes[/url] [url=http://www.curry2.com]curry 2[/url] [url=http://www.barbourjackets.us.com]barbour jackets[/url] [url=http://www.rose6.us]rose 6[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie3.us]kyrie 3[/url] [url=http://www.curry-shoes.com]curry shoes[/url] [url=http://www.air-jordan-shoes.us.com]air jordan shoes[/url] [url=http://www.kdshoes.us.com]kd shoes[/url] [url=http://www.adidasnmdxr1.us]adidas nmd[/url] [url=http://www.birkenstock-sandals.us]birkenstock[/url] [url=http://www.kyrieirvingbasketballshoes.com]kyrie irving shoes[/url] [url=http://www.mizunoshoes.us.com]mizuno shoes[/url] [url=http://www.lebron-shoes.us]lebron james shoes[/url] [url=http://www.nmdhumanrace.us.com]nmd human race[/url] [url=http://www.adidasclothing.us]Adidas Sports[/url] [url=http://www.vanssk8hi.us]vans sk8 hi[/url] [url=http://www.kyrieirvingjersey.com]kyrie irving jersey[/url] [url=http://www.curryshoes.us]stephen curry shoes[/url] [url=http://www.nikepg2.us]nike pg 2[/url] [url=http://www.kyrieirvingshoes.com.co]nike kyrie[/url] [url=http://www.asicsgelkayano23.com]asics gel kayano 23[/url] [url=http://www.nikeepicreactflyknit.us]nike epic react[/url] [url=http://www.kyrie-4.com]kyrie 4[/url] [url=http://www.adidasalphabounce.com]adidas alphabounce[/url] [url=http://www.nikesbdunk.us]nike sb dunk[/url] [url=http://www.adidasultraboost4.com]adidas ultra boost 4[/url] [url=http://kyrieirvingjersey.com]kyrie irving jersey[/url] [url=http://www.nmdr1.us]NMD R1 Shoes[/url] [url=http://www.lebron15.us.com]lebron 15[/url] [url=http://www.curry-5.us]curry 5[/url] [url=http://www.adidascrazyexplosive.us.com]adidas crazy explosive[/url] [url=http://www.nikeairmax97.us.com]nike air max 97[/url] [url=http://www.johnwallshoes.us.com]john wall shoes[/url] [url=http://www.stephencurryjersey.us]stephen curry jersey[/url] [url=http://www.adidasnmdhumanrace.com]nmd human race[/url] [url=http://www.lebron-14.us]lebron 14 shoes[/url] [url=http://www.vibram.us.com]vibram shoes[/url] [url=http://www.curry-5.us]curry 5 shoes[/url]

  18. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement?
    My site has a lot of unique content I’ve either created myself or outsourced
    but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the
    web without my authorization. Do you know any techniques to
    help stop content from being stolen? I’d truly appreciate it.

  19. Great beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how
    could i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a
    acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided
    bright clear concept

Leave A Reply