The survey “Gli italiani, la medicina trasfusionale e la donazione di sangue” conducted by Observa for the National Blood Centre provides a broad overview on the attitudes Italian citizens take in this field. There is, first, a widespread awareness of the importance of the issue: nearly eight out of ten Italians find the availability of blood in Italy lacking in or barely sufficient to cover the demand. Information in the strictest sense is less widespread: around one Italian in two is little or not informed at all of blood and related themes.
Laziness (40.5%), emotional resistances (the fear of blood and the needle features 36% of non-donors) and scepticism towards institutions and medical staff (12%) are the main obstacles to donation. Among the most important reasons capable of persuading ‘lazy’ citizens to become donors one would be the possibility to donate at the work/study place and a greater speed and effectiveness of health inspections prior to donation. The perceived lack of competence on the side of doctors and nurses (42.9%) along with the inadequacy and insufficient hygiene attributed to health service (31%) are the main reasons holding the sceptics back.
For 81% there are no risks in giving blood, but it should not be overlooked that almost one out of two Italians (47.7%) considers risky to receive a transfusion. In this case what worries the most are mainly the provenience of blood (38.5%) and the lack of security of health facilities (30.2%).